Cervical Spondylosis (Arthritis of the Neck) / Neck Pain & Pinched Nerve / Dr Mandell
Deforming spondylosis of the thoracic spine: symptoms, treatment
Deforming spondylosis of the thoracic spine is often asymptomatic, progressing for many years, but not making itself known by any specific symptoms. The disease can develop in both elderly patients and those who are not yet 30 years old. Provocateurs can be regular exercise or a passive lifestyle, especially the profession, the weakening of the muscular system in the background of another disease. If the disease was not diagnosed in a timely manner, it can lead to serious disturbances in the blood supply to the brain and the nervous system, disability.
What is spondylosis deformans - morphology of the disease
Deforming spondylosis develops against the background of depletion of intervertebral discs. Trying to restore the integrity of the spinal column, the body begins to actively increase bone tissue.Spine growths are formed from the new tissues, which provide additional support to the vertebrae, but cause discomfort and often become the cause of the degradation processes of the nervous and vascular systems of the body. To provoke the growth of bone tissue of the vertebrae can:
- spinal injury and microtrauma,
- metabolic disorders in cartilage,
- defects of posture and progressive osteochondrosis,
- genetic predisposition or calcium deficiency,
- age or lifestyle.
Deforming spondylosis indicates depletion of the body, which can be triggered not only by age-related changes, but also by neglecting one’s health. Improper and irregular meals, excess weight or excessive workload during fitness classes, working at a computer without interruptions and workouts, bad habits - all this can cause problems with the spine, even in young people.
Symptoms of deforming spondylosis in the thoracic region
This disease belongs to the pathology of a chronic nature. Medical specialists distinguish three degrees of development of thoracic spondylosis with symptoms characteristic of each of them:
- Stage I - the growing bone tissue does not yet protrude beyond the limits of the vertebrae, the patient does not feel pain and discomfort.
- Stage II - bone growths take the form of spikes directed towards each other, the patient has a feeling of stiffness of the spine in the thoracic region, aching pains that are aggravated by exercise.
- Stage III - bone growths form a fixed "bridge" in the thoracic region, blood circulation is disturbed, nerve endings are affected, the patient complains of stiffness in the spine, discomfort during any movement, headaches and dizziness.
In the second and third stages of development, deforming spondylosis of the thoracic region may be accompanied by discomfort in the abdomen, surrounding pain in the hypochondrium, "lumbago" in the neck, earlobes, jaws, in the region of the heart.
Often the symptoms of spondylosis are mistaken for manifestations of problems with the heart or internal organs. Nervousness and decreased activity, worsening of sleep, which accompany the pathology of the spine in the early stages, can be mistaken for symptoms of depression. Therefore, at the reception of a medical professional it is important to tell in detail about all the sensationsno matter how insignificant they may seem - intermittent muscle numbness in the thoracic spine, tingling, brief shooting.
Diagnosis of the disease
To confirm the deforming spondylosis of the spine, a whole range of diagnostic measures is needed. Such a serious disease cannot be detected on the basis of examination, conversation with the patient and palpation of the affected area. The diagnostic complex should include:
- study of history and biological materials to establish susceptibility to spondylosis,
- X-ray in lateral and direct projection to establish the boundaries of pathology,
- MRI of the thoracic spine - to determine the size of bone tumors (osteophytes) and the degree of deformation of the intervertebral discs, excluding the accretion of the vertebrae,
- Ultrasound - to assess the state of blood vessels and nerve endings in the affected spine.
Only a comprehensive examination and a detailed assessment of the state of the spine, the degree of its deformation entitles the medical specialist to develop treatment tactics and select medications and procedures.
It is not surprising that blood and urine tests are prescribed to diagnose problems with the musculoskeletal system. It is determined by the presence of inflammation in the affected area, the effectiveness of the internal organs in the background of the problems that have appeared, they reveal the presence or absence of contraindications to the use of a particular drug.
Treatment of thoracic spondylosis
Treatment of this disease of the musculoskeletal system should be comprehensive. Based on the results obtained during the diagnostic measures, the doctor decides on the appointment of drugs in combination with physiotherapy or surgery. Conservative treatment is aimed at
- suspension of pathological changes in the thoracic spine,
- stopping the growth of bone tumors
- reducing the intensity of inflammation in the affected area,
- restoration of metabolic processes and blood supply,
- increase muscle volume in the thoracic region.
Physiotherapy, based on dynamic current, electrophoresis, is necessary for the fact that drugs are absorbed in full, and their active substances penetrated as deeply as possible into the thinned bone and muscle tissue.In addition, it is very important to reduce the intensity of pain symptoms. For this purpose, analgesics, drugs from the category of NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) are prescribed. Chondroprotectors are responsible for tissue repair.
Surgical treatment of deforming spondylosis of the thoracic region is practiced in the last stages of the development of the disease, when the patient is at risk of immobility (paralysis), the quality of life on the background of the growth of bone tissue is significantly reduced, and dizziness and fainting due to disturbed blood supply to the symptoms are added to the symptoms. The purpose of the operation is to remove bone growths, to restore intervertebral discs.
Therapeutic exercise and massage for deforming spondylosis
Exercise therapy (physiotherapy) can not be the main method of treatment of such a complex disease. Assign a set of exercises can only the attending physician, who knows how deformed the spine, how much the bone tissue has grown, what condition the blood vessels and nerve endings are at. Improper actions or their excessive intensity can seriously harm the patient, and instead of recovery, lead to disability.
The complex of therapeutic gymnastics for deforming spondylosis should be sparing, and its main goal is to correct the posture and restore muscle nutrition in the field of bone growth. If classes cause pain, the symptoms of the disease after classes become more intense, you need to tell the doctor about it.
Massage should not be appointed before conducting in-depth studies - MRI or ultrasound of the spine. The specialist should know:
- where the growths are located, how large they are,
- do they touch nerve endings
- blood vessels are not affected.
If a massage therapist does not have a medical education, and he cannot correctly interpret the results of the examinations, you should not trust him with your health. Regular massage can lead to disability or complete paralysis, the development of hypertensive crisis, provoke a stroke.
Thanks to modern medical technology and innovative equipment, the prognosis for recovery from spondylosis is good, but only if the patient strictly adheres to preventive measures after treatment.You need to eat right, reduce salt intake, get rid of bad habits, regularly perform exercises from the complex recommended by your doctor.
Those who have a predisposition to the development of deforming spondylosis of the thoracic region, should be monitored for their posture and should not be physically overstrained. It is important to understand that a passive lifestyle can provoke the development of such a pathology. Moderate, but regular activity, visiting the pool, morning exercises are a guarantee of health.
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