Domestic violence: The children affected - BBC News
How to protect children from violence: the advice of a psychologist
When reading a book with a child or watching a cartoon, focus his attention on the fact that in life, as in any fairy tale, there is also good and evil, give simple examples.
Set strict rules regarding strangers and monitor their implementation. First of all, clearly mark the border "your - someone else's". Explain to the child that a stranger is any unfamiliar person. It doesn't matter who he is and how he behaves.
Discuss the second rule: before you communicate with a stranger, you need to ask permission from loved ones. Mark a clear circle of persons - mom, dad, grandmother, etc. Strictly monitor compliance with this rule. Even if an old school friend came to you, whom you have not seen for many years, and your child sees him for the first time, make sure that the child asks for permission before accepting a gift or go with him for ice cream. It doesn't matter that you trust a friend, but without such a consistency in the requirements, the baby will not accept this as a real rule.
Teach your child a simple but key phrase: “I don’t know you, you are not my mom (dad)”. Even if you cultivate politeness and benevolence in a child, explain that he has the right to refuse any adult, especially a stranger.
Explain to the child, leaving him alone at home, that the door should not be opened to anyone except mom, dad, grandfather (clearly mark the circle of persons). You can teach him, in case someone knocks and ask parents, to answer that dad cannot come up yet because he is sleeping or busy, etc.
Outline and discuss with the child all possible limits of danger. For example, you can’t go with a stranger, so that he may suggest: candy, ride the carousel, watch the kittens, go to meet the mother, etc. This means that any stranger with any suggestions and requests must be refused before receiving permission from the mother or father.
When your child is 6-7 years old, start teaching him to understand people, passing on his own experience. Discuss situations from life, analyze the heroes of children's films and works. As the child matures, he accumulates his own life experience, gradually give up the rigid rules, replacing them with more flexible ones.
Video: UNICEF: Working to protect children from violence and physical abuse in Swaziland
how we can protect children from violence
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