What Causes You To Get Shingles? (Herpes Zoster) – Symptoms & Treatment
Symptoms and treatment of herpes zoster in adults
Shingles - a dermatological disease caused by herpes of the third type. The lesion affects the skin and nerve ganglia. Small bubbles with serous fluid merge, forming large areas with an uneven surface. Without the right therapy, the development of severe consequences is possible.
The risk group includes patients of the older age group. The development of the disease occurs during the reactivation of the Varcelle Zoster virus, which appears in the body after chickenpox. For many years he does not manifest itself. The reasons for its activation are:
- infectious diseases;
- reduced immunity;
- change in blood composition;
- cancer and more.
For shingles characteristic erased course of pathology. This is due to the fact that in the nervous system there are special particles, which under adverse conditions lead to the reproduction of the virus.The incubation period can be long, since from the moment of infection to the first symptoms sometimes pass a year.
Before the first signs appear, the patient begins to complain of symptoms that are characteristic of the common cold. Appear:
- digestive disorders.
In places of future rashes, tingling and itching gradually appear. Gradually, the pains become burning, intolerable. They are strengthened by movement and any touch. The process begins to spread along the nerve trunks, intercostal branches and the trigeminal nerves. If the facial nerve is affected, paralysis is possible.
Often herpes zoster develops quickly and sharply. The temperature rises to the level of 39 degrees, signs of intoxication appear. At the same time, characteristic skin rashes are formed. At first they look pink spots up to 5 mm in diameter. Then groups of small bubbles with transparent contents are formed.
After a few days, the fluid inside the formations becomes cloudy, the blisters dry up and become crusted. Sometimes relapses occur, leading to the emergence of new formations.
To determine the presence of a virus, you can use laboratory tests. The most common analysis is the polymer chain reaction. For its holding takes the contents of the bubble and shelter. The analysis makes it possible to accurately determine the exact type of herpes virus.
The treatment is carried out at home or in a hospital. The patient must comply with bed rest. Be sure to assign:
- Antiviral drugs. "Acyclovir" helps only in the first three days of the disease. If the appointment occurs later, there will be no result. Such medications affect the pathogen, do not allow it to multiply.
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. With their help, they reduce the temperature, eliminate pain and relieve inflammation.
- Antihistamines and ointments. Deprive is accompanied by severe itching. Taking these drugs can reduce or remove this symptom.
- Antiseptic solutions. They are needed for the treatment of affected areas.
Sometimes sedatives and antidepressants are relevant. They improve the emotional state, the quality of sleep of the patient. With the development of severe intoxication, special therapy is carried out: a large amount of fluid is administered intravenously to the patient. When connecting the bacterial microflora antibiotics are assigned.
An unacceptable treatment method is ultraviolet irradiation. With their direct impact, the virus dies. If the internal organs are affected, then the virus is activated under ultraviolet light. This can trigger the development of complications. Not allowed to swim, take a shower.
Shingles is a contagious disease. The consequences of herpes are pretty serious. If the infection has affected the eyes, blindness may develop. For many years after an infection, a person may suffer from severe pain in the gastrointestinal tract. Severe forms of the disease provoke the appearance of meningitis and encephalitis. Increases the likelihood of stroke.
Video: Shingles Symptoms, Diagnose and Treatment
Herpes Zoster | Herpes Zoster Treatment | Shingles | Herpes Simplex Virus | Herpes Cure
Herpes Zoster Symptoms and Cure
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